Finding out you are pregnant is a joy to many people. A whole range of emotions and hormonal changes can accompany pregnancy and with these changes comes skin outbreaks and changes. Most women will have to change facial cleansers in order to accommodate these changes.
What are the things you, as a pregnant woman, should know? Do you know how to choose a facial cleanser that is not just good for your face but safe for your body too?
This article will tell you all you need to know about pregnancy safe facial cleansers.
What are some common skin changes during pregnancy?
Due to the changes in your hormones and blood flow during pregnancy, a number of changes to your skin is very common.
Some of the changes to your skin include:-
Many women have acne during pregnancy. If you tend to have acne already, it may flare up even more. This is caused by the extra hormones in your body which causes your oil glands to secrete more oil, which can cause breakouts.
The area around your nipples, inner thighs and neck may darken due to hormonal changes. You may also notice a dark line from your navel to your public bone. This line is called the linea nigra. Dark patches might also develop on your face (chlosma).
Stretch marks are indented streaks that may appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. These marks are caused by the stretching of skin and although many products claim to be able to prevent or treat it, the products will not remove stretch marks completely.
Varicose veins are enlarged veins in your legs. This is caused by your uterus exerting greater pressure on these veins.
Usually, this condition improves three to twelve months after birth without any extra medical treatment.
Face care during pregnancy
In order to avoid breakouts on your face and keep in glowing, you should stick to a strict cleansing routine.
Clean your face every night and every morning. Take note that washing your face more than this may cause more problems as your skin becomes dry.
Always use lukewarm water and a mild cleanser. Choosing your face cleanser carefully can make a lot of difference.
Apply a toner, sunscreen (during the day) or a serum (during the night) and a moisturizer that fits your skin type. You can then apply an eye cream if needed.
Yes, your whole world changes when you find out you’re pregnant and this includes your skin care routine. It’s all about finding the best products for your skin and for this time in life.
Skin care ingredients to avoid during pregnancy
Most experts prefer to err on the side of caution. There is a list, although not all proven, of chemicals to avoid during pregnancy in order for you and your baby to grow healthily. This includes:-
Some anti-aging skin care products use a type of retinol called retinoids. This ingredient can help reverse acne and reduce fine lines by helping surface-level skin cells exfoliate faster and boost collagen production.
Vitamin A is a crucial nutrient for optimal skin. Once consumed or absorbed via the skin, your body converts it to retinol. Although the amount of retinoids absorbed by topical products is likely quite low, birth defects have been linked to high doses of retinoids.
Therefore, all retinoids are advised against during pregnancy.
2. Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid is commonly used to treat acne. However, products that have a high dose of salicylic acid should be avoided when pregnant. Do not go for facial peels during pregnancy because peels usually contain high doses of this ingredient.
Tetracycline is an antibiotic acne treatment. Avoid this ingredient as it has been shown to cross the placenta. It may stain a baby’s teeth and impair skeletal growth.
It should also be avoided post-partum if you’re nursing as it can be excreted into breast milk.
Our body can absorb a significant amount of hydroquinone compared to other ingredients. Although there is no proven link between severe congenital defects of your child and side effects of hydroquinone, it is best to limit exposure during pregnancy.
Usually, hydroquinone is used as a prescription to lighten skin and reduce pigmentation.
This ingredient is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that is found in many beauty products. The top source of exposure to phthalate exposure usually comes from cosmetics. Commonly, the phthalate, diethylphtalate (DEP), is present in facial products so please read the label on your products before application.
Serious reproductive and hormone dysfunction has been linked to phthalate exposure.
Oxybenzone is the most commonly used ultraviolet filter in sunscreens. It is proven effective for skin protection but it is also known as an endocrine-disruptor.
This could disrupt hormones and cause permanent damage to you and your baby. A study in 2018 on animals concluded that oxybenzone exposure during pregnancy would permanently change to mammary glands and lactation.
Another study linked this chemical to permanent fetal damage and possible neurological conditions in adulthood such as Alzheimer’s.
So avoid this chemical at all costs!
Skin care ingredients that are safe during pregnancy
So which chemicals are safe? You can substitute the above harmful chemicals with a safer option for any skin problem you have.
You don’t have to worry about these chemicals:-
1. Glycolic acid
Although glycolic acid is not recommended in large amounts, it is likely safe in small amounts that are found in cosmetics.
It can help with reducing fine lines and wrinkles, brightening skin and reducing pigmentation.
Similar acids such as azelaic acid are also safe to be used as a treatment for acne during pregnancy.
2. Topical antioxidants
Vitamin C, B3, E and K are safe to be used as a topical antioxidant. They boost the immune system and ward off free radicals in your body thus keeping your skin healthy.
These vitamins are also antioxidants that protect your skin from damage and maintain collagen in your skin.
Look out for these in your skin care products.
3. Moisturizing products
To prevent stretch marks, drinking water and staying hydrated is key to the prevention. Moisturizing products such as coconut oil, cocoa butter, peptides and hyaluronic acid (HA) can improve your skin’s hydration.
These ingredients can be found in most beauty products and are safe to use.
Frequently applying it on stretch marks prone zones can help the skin stretch naturally as your baby grows, thus reducing stretch marks.
4. Grapeseed oil
This oil is often found in face serums and body oils. You can use it topically during pregnancy but should not take it in high doses. Therefore, do not take grapeseed oil supplements.
5. Titanium dioxide
Titanium dioxide is a primary active ingredient in many mineral sunscreens.
It sits on the surface of the skin and deflects damaging UV rays. This is a good choice for pregnant women as the skin does not absorb this ingredient, leaving no space for any harm to come to the baby.
6. Zinc oxide
This is also another active ingredient in mineral sunscreens. It is also found in many mineral cosmetics. It works like titanium dioxide whereby it sits on the skin and is not absorbed.
What is an ideal face cleanser during pregnancy?
Always double check the ingredients before buying a facial cleanser, especially when you are pregnant. Ensure that none of the ingredients listed poses a threat to the developing fetus.
Ideally, a facial cleanser during pregnancy should protect and moisturize your skin as well as be gentle on it.
Wherever possible, find a cleanser that does not need you to use a separate makeup remover as exposure to a makeup remover may cause more exposure to unwanted or harmful chemicals. Yet it has to clean your face thoroughly of the dirt and pollutants in the air.
As you await the birth of your child, try using a fragrance free cleanser. This is because unwanted fragrances can dry out the skin.
Of course, you would want an ideal facial cleanser to improve your skin’s radiance and brightness due to the potential pigmentation of your skin.
We find one such cleanser that has all these benefits in the Recherche’s Amino Acid Cleansing Mousse. A plus point for this cleanser is that it does away with harsh chemicals and are replaced with skin-friendly cleansing agents derived from amino acids.
Amino acids are natural building blocks found in the skin that help promote cellular repair and rejuvenation. You can read more about the benefits of amino acid based cleansers for skincare here.
Pregnancy is a wild ride sometimes. There will be many changes in the months and years to come. During the duration of pregnancy, do your best to avoid chemicals that are not safe for you or the baby.
There are many other options that are safe to use during pregnancy so making slight changes in your skincare routine is just one of the ways things will change. Follow a proper skincare routine and your skin will not just be not affected negatively by hormonal changes but you will soon have glowing skin.